From the culet to the girdle, which parts of a diamond do you know? Discover these and more in our essential diamond anatomy guide.
History of Faceted Diamonds
When a diamond is sourced from the earth it looks very different to what we see on a diamond ring. Diamonds have been faceted or cut into beautiful sparkling gems since the 1400s. The traditional and most popular diamond cut we see today is the round brilliant - and it is this diamond that we will take a closer look at.
Top 5 Parts of a Diamond
Here you can find the top 5 parts of a diamond along with some other diamond related words you may be unfamiliar with. We've listed these, along with easy to understand definitions, below.
Table - The table is the largest facet of a diamond, placed at the top.
Crown - The crown is the sloping part of the diamond that extends from the table to the girdle.
Girdle - The girdle is the perimeter around the diamond between the crown and the pavilion. The diameter of a diamond refers to the width measured through the girdle.
Pavilion - The steepest slope on the diamond is the pavilion which extends from the girdle to the culet at the bottom.
Culet - The culet is a tiny facet at the bottom of a diamond, usually seen as a point with the naked eye rather than a facet.
Facet - A diamond facet refers to a smooth, flat surface on a cut diamond. A facet can be relatively large, or can be so small it's difficult to see with the naked eye. The round brilliant diamond comes with 57 facets.
Depth - The depth of a diamond refers to its height measured from the table to the culet.
Diameter - The diameter of a diamond refers to its width measured through the girdle.
Brilliance, Fire, and Scintillation - These words refer to the sparkle from the way the light reflects off and through the facets of a diamond. The higher the brilliance, the better.
We hope you found our essential guide to the parts of a diamond helpful. If you would like to know more about diamonds why not read our beginners guide to the 4 C's.